Tag Archives: roof

Different Types of Roofing Materials

We do not live in the olden times where hay and clay are 2 of the common types of roofing used. The construction world has evolved along with the times and there are many materials we can use for our roofing these days. These materials below are used in many residential and even commercial structures and some of them have few years to 40 plus years life span.

Here are some of the common types of roofing materials used:

Asphalt shingles

Photo credit: disastersafety.org

Photo credit: disastersafety.org

Galvanized steel

Photo credit: whritnerbuilders.com

Photo credit: whritnerbuilders.com

Clay tiles

Photo credit: performanceroofing.com

Photo credit: performanceroofing.com

Slate

Photo credit: newroofct.com

Photo credit: newroofct.com

Wood shingles

Photo credit: vizimac.com

Photo credit: vizimac.com

If you are planning to have your home constructed or is planning for a roof makeover, do your research on the cost, installation and durability of the roofing material you prefer.

Dealing with Roof Repairs and Replacements

Most of us only have to think about replacing a roof once in our lifetimes and in many cases it’s something that never occurs. However, the cost of re-roofing or replacing a roof is significant and it pays to understand a few of the basic facts about roofing before picking up the phone and asking for quotes! Here’s the low-down on the basics of roof construction.

Photo credit: mcquireconstructiontoday.com

Photo credit: mcquireconstructiontoday.com

Basic Roof Facts

Traditionally a roof has one main purpose – to keep the weather out. Today, with increasingly high energy bills plaguing most of us, roofs also perform an important secondary function of keeping things in – particularly heat. This second function is something that you should consider closely when having a roof repaired, replaced or built from scratch. There are two main types of roof – the pitched and the flat. Both have been utilised throughout history, although the latter has had something of a bad press in the last century. Properly constructed flat roofs are, in fact, no less effective than their pitched cousins and they are also cheaper to build and far easier to maintain. Palaces and cathedrals across the UK feature large expanses of flat roofing – simply because it is a cheaper method of building. However, mass building programmes in the twentieth century, with cheap and cheerful materials (and building practices) have contributed to the less than favoured view many people hold of the flatter roof.

Flat Roofing

Flat roofs are constructed (or should be) with a slight pitch to them; anything with less than fifteen degrees angle is generally classed as a flat roof. This pitch is required to allow water to drain away into gutters. For this reason specialist firms, like Marcus Roofing should always be employed to repair or build flat roofs. In general a flat roof consists of several layers; the coverings include rubber roofing, felt or fibre glass. Below this comes thermal insulation, a vapour barrier, decking, joists and finally plasterboard. In some older roofs the insulation layer may be directly above the ceiling, leaving a cold gap between it and the top layers. Modern roofs normally have insulation close to the top layer to create better energy efficiency and reduce heat loss. Flat roofs are far cheaper to build, or repair and if properly maintained and constructed with modern materials they’ll compete well with a pitched variety. For some homes, they can also provide valuable extra outdoor space and for this reason, if you are faced with a choice between repair and replacement it can make sense to retain the flat version.

Pitched Roofing

Pitched roofs are generally classed as anything with an angle over fifteen degrees; they can be pitched at a range of angles although forty to fifty degrees is the most common. Roof coverings vary from thatch to tiles or slate, although some type of tile is the most common. The most common designs for a pitched roof are gabled and hipped – in the former the two pitched slopes are supported on the gables of the building, while in the latter four sloping surfaces meet together. In most existing houses the loft space will be insulated directly above the ceiling (i.e. on the floor of the loft space). This is known as a ‘cold roof’, while insulation placed between the joist of the roof creates a ‘warm roof’. If you are replacing a pitched roof, the opportunity to add space to your home in the form of an attic room is one to consider and this will also mean insulating to create a warm roof.

Expert Matters

Depending on the type of roof that you are planning to restore or replace you’ll need to consider the type of builders you’ll need. Most building firms will be happy to replace a pitched roof and should have the expertise to do so. However, when it comes to flat roofing a specialist firm is essential. As mentioned above, flat roofs don’t really deserve their poor reputation but they do need to be properly constructed in the first place. A firm with a history of specialising in this type of work is essential and will help to construct a sound and waterproof flat roof. The same will also apply to less standard forms of roofing – a thatched roof will certainly require specialists to complete the work. While it’s not a common domestic task, if it becomes necessary replacing a roof should not be a nightmare. It should also with the right professionals only be a once in a lifetime event!

Signs of a Damaged Roof

(Photo credit: yahoo images and I added text)

(Photo credit: yahoo images and I added text)

You must always keep the roof of your home in good shape if you want to have a strong home. A weak roof could collapse at any moment and injure or kill those inside. A roof leak could cause water damage to your home. A hole in the roof could expose the inside of your home to the elements. Because of all these consequences, it is important to take good care of your roof, and get roof repair if you ever need it – look out for these signs and get repair if any are apparent.

Signs of a Damaged Roof

You should go out on your roof at least twice a year and walk around to inspect the entire thing closely. There are a few things you should look for. First, look for any missing shingles or anything that generally looks different than the rest of the roof. If some shingles are a different color than the others, there could be some kind of algae growing on them that will cause serious damage over time. If they seem to be rotting, they could fall away at any point and are likely going to deteriorate very quickly. Look to see if there are any large gashes in the roof that could come from contact with trees nearby or other large objects flying through the air. As you stand on the ground in your yard and walk around on the roof itself, look to see if the roof is uneven at all. It may be buckling or bunching up in some areas. This may require that you get an entirely new roof – it usually happens if the roof was not installed correctly in the first place.

Getting Good Roof Repair

When you get roof repair, you want to get it from someone who will do a good job. Speak to the professional to see if you should get a simple roof repair or whether you should replace your roof altogether. Make sure that they do a good job and keep an eye out after the work to see that the roof stays in great condition.

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